GUIDANCE FROM THE HOLY QUR’AN
O ye who believe! when the call is made for Prayer on Friday, hasten to the remembrance of Allah, and leave off all business. That is better for you, if you only knew. (62:10)
Those who devour interest do not rise except as rises one whom Satan has smitten with insanity. That is because they say: ‘Trade also is like interest;’ whereas Allah has made trade lawful and made interest unlawful. So he to whom an admonition comes from his Lord and he desists, then will that which he received in the past be his; and his affair is with Allah. And those who revert to it, they are the inmates of the Fire; therein shall they abide. (2:276)
O ye who believe! devour not your property among yourselves by unlawful means, except that you earn by trade with mutual consent. And kill not yourselves. Surely, Allah is Merciful to you. (4:30)
Mutual rivalry in seeking worldly increase diverts you from God (102:2)
NARRATIONS OF THE HOLY PROPHET (SAW)
Narrated Hakim bin Hizam:
Allah’s Messenger (صلى الله عليه وسلم ) said, “The seller and the buyer have the right to keep or return goods as long as they have not parted or till they part; and if both the parties spoke the truth and described the defects and qualities (of the goods), then they would be blessed in their transaction, and if they told lies or hid something, then the blessings of their transaction would be lost.” (Sahih alBukhari 2079)
It was narrated from Isma’il bin ‘Ubaid bin Rifa’ah, from his father, that his grandfather Rifa’ah said:
“We went out with the Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه وسلم ) and the people were trading early in the morning. He called them: ‘O merchants!’ and when they looked up and craned their necks, he said:’The merchants will be raised on the Day of Resurrection as immoral people, apart from those who fear Allah and act righteously and speak the truth (i.e. those who are honest).” (Darussalam, Vol.3, Book 12, Hadith 2146)
It was narrated from Jaabir ibn ‘Abdullah (may Allah be pleased with him) that the Messenger of Allah (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) said: “May Allah have mercy upon a man who is easy-going when he sells and when he buys and when he asks for payment.” (Al-Bukhaari 1970)
GUIDANCE FROM THE PROMISED MESSIAH (AS)
A shopkeeper thinks that he cannot run his business without telling lies and therefore he continues telling lies; he thinks that it is a necessity which he cannot avoid. It is not true that telling lies is a necessity for selling his goods. God Himself is the Protector of the Muttaqi and He keeps him away from this kind of occasions (where he may have to tell lies). You should remember that when a man leaves God, God also leaves him. And it is quite obvious that when Rahman has left somebody, he will definitely be picked up by the Satan. Do not think that God is weak He is the Possessor of Great Powers. Whenever you will put your trust in Him, he will surely help you. Wa man-yata wakkal alallahi fahowa hasbohoo (whoever puts his trust in God, (he should know) God is sufficient for him). The people who were the first addressees of this verse were the religious people; all their thoughts were centred round the religious affairs. They left their worldly affairs in the hands of God Who told them that He was with them. In short, one of the blessings of Taqwa is that God frees the Muttaqis from all the hardships that come in the way of their religious affairs. Likewise, God provides them for their needs.
(Malfoozat Vol. 1 , p .11)
Give full measure when you measure out, and weigh out with a true balance. Do not deliver short, and do not go about creating disorder in the land. This means that you should not go about in the land with an evil intent, to commit theft or robbery or to pick pockets or to acquire the property of other people through unlawful means. Then it is said: do not give that which is defective in exchange for that which is good; that is to say, as embezzlement is unlawful, so the sale of defective articles representing them as being in good condition, and the exchange of defective articles in return for good ones, is also unlawful.
In all these verses God Almighty has set forth all dishonest practices in such a comprehensive way that no type of dishonesty has been omitted. He has not merely forbidden theft, lest a stupid person should consider that though theft is forbidden all other improper methods of acquiring property are permitted. Forbidding all improper methods of acquiring property in a comprehensive way is true wisdom. In short, if a person does not possess the quality of integrity in all its aspects, he would not be considered honest even if he exhibits honesty in certain matters. That would be only his natural condition, shorn of reasonable discrimination and true insight.
(The Philosophy of the Teachings of Islam)
GUIDANCE FROM HAZRAT KHALIFATUL MASIH V (ATBA):
“Islam teaches that unfair dealing and unjust trading weakens the unity within society and destroys its peace. Certainly, at a time when so much of the world’s disorder and suffering, both at an individual and a collective level, is based upon selfishness and greed, the principles of equity and justice are crucial to maintaining peace within society.
Furthermore, in chapter 83, verses 2-4, the Holy Quran states:
“Woe unto those who give short measure. Those who, when they take by measure from other people, take it full; but when they give by measure to others or weigh to them, they give them less.”
These verses affirm that those who are exploitative in business transactions, who try to shortchange others, whilst demanding more than their dues in return and who resort to deception and fraud, are cursed and will be disgraced.” (Jalsa Salana France 2019)
Huzur (atba) said the Holy Qur’an states these particular commandments each time people of Hadhrat Shuaib (as) are mentioned therein. Huzur (atba) said deceit in failing to keep the above commandments is tantamount to stealing. He said in business and trade, people assume that a little sham here and a little fraud there is all part and parcel of dealing; however, it is a great sin and it creates much disorder and disharmony in the social fabric. One who usurps others and gives ‘less measure’ in his business dealings develops an inherent inclination towards mischief. This in turn, when followed on a large scale, becomes a source of destruction of nations. Huzur (atba) said the Holy Qur’an does not merely mention tales of yore; there are moral lessons to be learnt from these historical descriptions for people to follow in order to avoid the wrath of God. (Friday Sermon November 18, 2005)
Similarly, many youths have started business without any experience. They take certain sums of money from people for their business, yet due to their inexperience the business collapses and they not only become helpless themselves, but they also waste other people’s money. These people [youths] should be more careful and the people who give their money should think twice about giving such [personal] loans, rather than making complaints or filing a case against them. As those that wish to put their money towards a business, they lose their own money, as does the poor helpless individual who took the money (in fact he is not helpless, rather sometimes people take money with mischievous intentions or evil intentions) and then they embroiled in a court case which results in their disgrace and humiliation. Nevertheless, we should avoid these things so that we can create a peaceful environment around us.
May Allah the Almighty enable us to inculcate the true spirit of a believer within ourselves and may we create a peaceful society. May we adopt the highest of morals and etiquettes that are expected of us by the Promised Messiah, that were mentioned in the Holy Quran and reiterated to us by the Holy Prophet (saw). (Friday Sermon August 11th, 2017.)